Alison Cozby 4492
Putka, "The Tragedy of
Summary: Sudan is beginning to face a famine, threatening 4 million lives, which is made worse by slow government reaction and disorganized relief efforts, and enlarged by 200,00 Ethiopian refugees arriving as they flee from threats of starvation in their homeland.
The Sudan President Gaafar Nimeiry, after criticizing the Marxist Ethiopian regime for not being able to feed its people, has been slow in admitting that the 500,000 to one million ton food deficit in his country had already led the displacement or death of 500,000 Sudanese. An additional problem is local corruption and hoarding of food supplies, also the poor condition of what food is existent. Even though the Netherlands' contributed $100,000 for grain, it came from a government agricultural bank and was sour and could not be used. The price of grain has risen by three times, and so the Sudan government has had to impose credit restrictions to prevent speculators from profiting from the misery.
are being pointed outside the area as well, saying that help has been delayed
and disorganized. The U.N. was
criticized by U.S. diplomats for not warning about a surge of Ethiopian
refugees, and the U.N. Office of the high commissioner for Refugees admits that
is has not been able to handle them. An
example of disorganization revolves around a measles outbreak at Wad Sherifeh,
a refugee camp on the Ethiopian border.
The UNHRC ordered thousands of vaccination doses, but forgot to check
with Unicef, a sister organization, who had already purchased the vaccine for
the government of
U.N. documents reflect that the UNHCR had been aware of a sudden Ethiopian
exodus possibility for two years.
Nicholas Morris, the UNHCR representative in
the U.S. Agency for International Development is credited with doing the most
the fastest for Sudanese aid, it has been criticized as well. It took longer than necessary while
Wahington was not convinced that there was a need for the requested 82,000 tons
of emergency food. It also failed to
distribute the food quickly to areas of the highest need, mainly where a high
number of Ethiopians had already arrived.
Also, British charities Save the Children and Oxfam charged the