CL 381 (29170) = E 390M

European Romanticism

Spring, 20004

Katherine Arens
Germanic Languages, E.P. Schoch 3.128; 471-4123
Office Hours: TTH 8:00-9:30 and by appointment

Week 1: January 20, 22

TU: Introduction to the Course

Part 1: The Historical Setting of Romanticism

TH: Wellek, Concepts of Criticism

-"The Concept of Romanticism in Literary History," 128-198

-"Romanticism Re-Examined," 199-221

Week 2: January 27, 29

TU: Porter, ed., Romanticism in National Context

-"Romanticism in Germany," 109-133

-"Romanticism in England," 37-67

-"Romanticism in France," 240-259

Jauß, Question and Answer, "Rousseau's Nouvelle Héloïse and Goethe's Werther," 148-196

TH: Prototype, I

Rousseau, Confessions

Week 3: February 3, 5

TU: Prototype, II

Goethe, Sorrows of Young Werther

**Precis due: either Rousseau or Goethe

Part 2: German Romanticism

TH: Philosophical Roots, I

Wellek, A History of Modern Criticism, 2: The Romantic Age, 1-109

Wellek, Discriminations, "I. Kant's Aesthetics and Criticism," 122-142

Schiller, "Über Bürgers Gedichte," Klassik, 75-92

= "On Bürger's Poetry," in Chamberlin, ed., Eighteenth-Century Criticism, 262-74

Schiller, Kallias

C.F. also Lovejoy, Essays in the History of Ideas, # 9, 10, 11

Week 4: February 10. 12

TU: Philosophical Roots, II

Behler, ed., Philosophy of German Idealism
-Fichte, "A Crystal Clear Report to the General Public," 39-115

-Schelling, "Ideas on a Philosophy of Nature," 167-202

---, "Deduction of a universal Organ of Philosophy," 203-216

Wellek, A History of Modern Criticism, 2: The Romantic Age, 298-334

**Precis due: Schiller, Fichte, or Schelling

TH: Literary Theory

Behler, ed., German Romantic Criticism
-Richter, 31-61

-F. Schlegel, 84-133

-Humboldt, 134-161

-A.W. Schlegel, 175-218

-Grimm, 257-292

Romantik I, Pt. I, Pt. VI

**Precis due: any criticism essay

Week 5: February 17. 19

TU: Bildungsideal: The Romantic Hero(ine)

Schlegel, Lucinde

Romantik II, Section II

TH: Poetry and the Poetic: The Issue of Phantasy

Novalis, Hymns to the Night

Romantik I, Pt. II

Romantik II, Pt. III

**Precis due: Novalis, any Hymn

Week 6: February 24, 26

TU: Nachtseite: German Gothic

E.T.A. Hoffmann, "Der Sandmann" ("The Nutcracker") or
"Der goldene Topf" (in Romantik II)

Eichendorff, "Das Marmorbild"

Tieck, "Der blonde Eckbert" (in Romantik II)

Chamisso, "Peter Schlemihl" (in Romantik II)

Arnim, "Der tolle Invalide"

**NOTE: http://www.fln.vcu.edu//menu.html has English for "Fair Eckbert", "Sandman"

**Precis due: any tale

**Test One passed out

TH: Comedy, Fairy-Tale, Irony, and Satire

Romantik I, Part III (Ironie)

Schlegel, Fragments (on romantic irony)

Tieck, Der gestiefelte Kater (in Romantik II)

Jean Paul, Schulmeisterlein Wuz

Heine, any poetry

Part 3: English Romanticism

Week 7: March 2, 4

TU: German Sources (Non-Romantic!)

Schiller, Über naive und sentimentalische Dichtung
= Naive and Sentimental Poetry

**Test One due back

TH: The "Ossian" Issue

Romantik I, Part IV (Nationalism and Folk Poetry)

Behler, ed., German Romantic Criticism

-Grimm, 257-292

Chamberlin, ed., Eighteenth-Century Criticism

-Herder, Extract from "Correspondence on Ossian" 132-42

-skim Herder, Goethe, and Bürger segments, as well

Herder, "Humanität," Klassik, 42-61

Robert Burns, Norton, 89-108

**Precis due: any Burns poem (in light of Ossian and folk poetry)

Week 8: March 9. 11

TU: Romantic Creativity and Poetry, I

Blake, Norton, passim

Coleridge, Biographia Literaria, Norton, 386-409

-Ancient Mariner, Kubla Khan, Phantom

Wellek, History of Modern Criticism, 2: Romantic Age, 110-29, 151-87

TH: Romantic Creativity and Poetry, II

Wordsworth, Preface to Lyrical Ballads, Norton, 155-170
-Tinturn Abbey, The Prelude (esp. 1, 5, 12-14)

Byron, Childe Harolde, Darkness, Don Juan

Shelley, Hymn to Intellectual Beauty, Prometheus Unbound

Keats, Chapman's Homer, Ode on a Grecian Urn, Hyperion

(NB: compare Goethe's Prometheus, Hölderlin's Hyperion)

Wellek, History of Mod. Criticism, 2: Romantic Age, 130-50, 188-215

**Precis due: Biographia Litteraria or Preface to Lyrical Ballads


Week 9: March 22, 25

TU: Philosophical Satire

Carlyle, Sartor Resartus (NB: compare Jean Paul, Schulmeisterlein Wuz)

TH: Historicals

Scott, Waverley (NB: compare Ardinghello, any Schiller)

Week 10: March 30. April 1

TU: Gothic, Night Side, I

De Quincy, Opium-Eater, Norton, 462-479

Wollstonecraft, Rights of Woman, Norton, 108-140

(NB: compare Hoffmann, Topf, Melville, Moby Dick)

**Precis due: Sartor, Waverley, or Frankenstein

TH: Gothic, Night Side, II

Shelley, Frankenstein
(NB: compare M.G. Lewis, The Monk, Le Fanu; Maturin, Melmoth; Radclyffe, Ugolino)

Part 4: French Romanticism

Week 11: April 6, 8

TU: The Vectors, I

de Stael, De L'Allemagne, Part 2 (= On Germany)

Humboldt, Essais aesthétiques (photocopy)

Wellek, History of Modern Criticism, 2: The Romantic Age, 216-240

**Paper on prose due (see description)

TH: The Vectors, II

Heine, The Romantic School and Other Essays
-"The Romantic School," 1-127

-"Concerning the History of Religion and Philosophy," 128-244

-"Letters on Germany," 284-294

-"Various Conceptions of History," 258-260

**Precis due: any essay

Week 12: April 13, 15

TU: Romantic Hero, Revisited

Balzac, Le Lys dans la vallée, Lagarde, 303-07, 317-21
= Lily of the Valley, passim

Chateaubriand, René, Atala, Lagarde, 32-43

Constant, Adolphe, Lagarde, 22-25

Sand, La Mare au Diable, Lagarde, 295-98

TH: Historicism, History

Michelet, Taine, Renan, Sainte-Beuve, Lagarde, 361-81, 385-403

Stendhal, La Chartreuse de Parme, Lagarde, 338-348

=Charterhouse of Parma, passim

Hugo, Les Miserables, Notre-Dame de Paris, Lagarde, 153-162, 195- 204

Wellek, History of Modern Criticism, 2: The Romantic Age, 241-259

Week 13: April 20, 22

TU: Nightside, Lyricism

Vigny, Lamartine, Gautier, Nerval, Baudelaire - Lagarde, passim, see esp. 431, 433 ("Elevations," "Correspondences")
= Baudelaire, Poems

**Precis due: any poem

TH: End of the Movement

Flaubert, Éducation sentimentale

Part 5: Representative Romanticism in Scholarship

Week 14: April 27,29

TU: LECTURE: From Postwar Romanticisms to PoMo Romanticisms -see bibliography on book list

TH: Class Presentations

Week 15: May 4, 6

TU: Class Presentations

TH: Closing Discussion

**Paper on poetry due Fri 14 May, 9 am to my office)